What is Alopecia?

Alopecia is a general term meaning “hair loss”.  There are several different types of alopecia. Below, is a detailed description of one common type, Alopecia Areata. 

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata is an immune disorder that causes the hair to fall out. The amount of hair loss differs for each person. Sometimes, the hair will grow back but falls out again later, unpredictably. Patients may also notice small bald patches on the scalp or other areas of the body, or fingernails that become red, brittle, or pitted. While the exact cause for alopecia is unknown, doctors believe that genes play a part. Those with a family history of alopecia or autoimmune conditions are often at a higher risk of developing this condition.

There are different subtypes of alopecia areata, such as:

  • Alopecia Areata Totalis: All of the hair has been lost on the head.
  • Alopecia Areata Universalis: There is a loss of hair on the entire body.
  • Diffuse Alopecia Areata: A sudden thinning of the hair rather than a loss of patches of hair.
  • Ophiasis Alopecia Areata: Hair is lost in a band shape around the sides of the head.

Alopecia Areata Treatment Options

While alopecia areata is not usually a serious medical condition, it can cause anxiety and self-consciousness. There are a number of treatment options to improve the symptoms of this condition, including:

Corticosteroids: These anti-inflammatory drugs can be given as an injection into the scalp or other areas. They are also rubbed onto the skin as an ointment or lotion. 

Topical Irritant or Immunotherapy: When there has been a large amount of hair loss, this option may be used. Chemicals are applied to the scalp to create an allergic reaction, which causes the hair to grow back. This often has to be repeated several times to see results.

Oral Immunosuppressants: These medications work by blocking the immune system’s response that is forming alopecia areata. Common examples include methotrexate or cyclosporine.

Who is a Good Candidate for Treatment?

Alopecia areata can be an emotionally challenging condition, which can cause patients to feel isolated or anxious. If your alopecia areata is causing a negative impact on your mental health, you may benefit from treatment. 

WHAT TO EXPECT AFTER ALOPECIA AREATA TREATMENT?

Alopecia areata treatment may take months to produce results, depending on the type of alopecia and treatment method chosen. Many patients notice an improvement in the appearance of their hair following regular alopecia treatment. 

Contact Us Today

If you are living with alopecia and would like to learn more about your treatment options for a more comfortable and confident you, contact DermAtelier on Avenue today to learn how to arrange a consultation! 

Alopecia – Frequently Asked Questions

Can a dermatologist help with alopecia?

Yes, a dermatologist is a medical doctor trained to diagnose and manage alopecia.

Can alopecia be caused by stress?

Yes, this can occur with a type of hair loss known as telogen effluvium.

Can doctors help with alopecia?

Yes, doctors can help by providing diagnosis and treatment plans.

Can female pattern hair loss be stopped?

It can be slowed down, but it is not known to be stopped entirely.

Can hair grow back after Balding?

It can, depending on the condition that occurs. Alopecia areata can regrow after balding.

Can hair grow back after thinning?

Yes, it can regrow to some extent with treatment.

Can you get alopecia at any age?

Yes, hair loss can occur at any age - from children to elderly.

Can your hair grow back if you have alopecia?

Hair loss that is non-scarring can generally regrwo.

Does a dermatologist treat alopecia?

Yes, dermatologists treat alopecia with different forms of therapy and prescriptions.

Does prednisone help with alopecia?

It can be helpful sometimes for hair loss like alopecia areata.

How can I fix my hair loss?

It depends on the type of hair loss one has - some types can be fixed (traction alopecia) and some types are controlled or slowed (androgenetic alopecia)

How can I regrow lost hair?

Therapy that is applied to the scalp or swallowed or injected can help to regrow hair

How common is alopecia?

It is unfortunately common and can affect > 50% of people in adulthood.

How do doctors test for alopecia?

Doctors examine the scalp and sometimes take a biopsy (tissue sample) of the scalp.

How do you know if alopecia is spreading?

You may notice that your scalp burns more easily or that your scalp is greasier because there is less hair on it, or photos show more thinning of the hair.

How does alopecia start?

This is unknown, but can be triggered by the immune system or an emotional stressor, or even a medication.

How does alopecia totalis start?

It is believed to be a genetic condition and a disturbance of the immune system activity and response.

How is Alopecia diagnosed?

It is diagnosed by examination of the scalp.

How is alopecia totalis treated?

Treatment can involve systemic therapy (pills or injections).

How quickly does alopecia spread?

Alopecia can expand or spread over weeks (Alopecia areata) or years (androgenetic alopecia). It depends on the type of hair loss.

Is Alopecia hereditary?

Androgenetic alopecia (female pattern hair loss and male pattern hair loss) is hereditary.

Is Alopecia more common in males or females?

Androgenetic alopecia (male pattern hair loss) is thought to be more common in males.

Is alopecia totalis contagious?

No, it is not contagious.

Should I see a dermatologist for hair loss?

If your hair loss bothers you, then being assessed by a dermatologist can help.

What age do you start losing hair?

It can occur at any age - young people may experience traction alopecia from styling and adult patients may develop androgenetic alopecia.

What are the 3 types of Alopecia?

There are various types of alopecia; the 2 main categories are non-scarring and scarring.

What are the best vitamins for alopecia?

Sometimes intake of Vitamin D and Zinc and B12 can be helpful if patients are deficient in these.

What are the early signs of alopecia?

One may not decreased fullness or density in the hair.

What can a dermatologist prescribe for hair loss?

Dermatologists may prescribe medicated lotions or oral treatments for hair loss. There are also procedures and hair transplants that can help restore hair.

What can stop alopecia?

Therapies that slow hair loss include: minoxidil, finasteride, dutasteride, PRP (platelet rich plasma), prednisone, or immunosuppressant medications. Hair transplant can help too.

What causes alopecia hair loss?

There are many different causes depending on the type of hair loss (e.g. medications, genetics, hormones) .

What causes female alopecia?

It is thought to be a combination of genetics and hormonal activity for female pattern hair loss.

What deficiencies cause hairloss?

Deficiency of Iron, B12, Vitamin D may all contribute to hair loss.

What does alopecia regrowth look like?

The hair may be thinner or a different colour, or it may look the same as the rest of the hair on the scalp.

What foods cause hair loss?

Foods are not known to cause hair loss.

What foods help alopecia?

A rich diet with vitamins and minerals can be helpful (e.g. foods with iron, B12, etc).

What home remedies help bald spots?

Home remedies are not known to reliably help regrow bald spots.

What is Cicatricial alopecia?

It is alopecia or hair loss that forms scars in the scalp

What is good for alopecia?

Therapies that target hormone activity or that promote growth factors to the scalp hair bulbs can be good for alopecia.

What is the best remedy for alopecia?

There is no best remedy, but therapies that target hormone activity or that promote growth factors to the scalp hair bulbs can help hair loss.

What is the best treatment for alopecia?

There is no best treatment, just different treatments suited for people depending on the type of hair loss.

What is the best vitamin for hair loss?

There is no best vitamin for hair loss, unfortunately.

What is the difference between telogen effluvium and alopecia?

Telogen effluvium is a type of alopecia or hair loss. It is non-scarring and can be improved once the trigger is identified and treated.

What is the most common form of alopecia?

It is believed that Androgenetic alopecia is the most common form of hair loss or alopecia.

What really works for womens hair loss?

Therapies that target hormone activity or that promote growth factors to the scalp hair bulbs help hair loss.

What should I drink for hair loss?

There are no restrictions or recommendations for hair loss improvement.

What should we eat to reduce hair fall immediately?

Ensuring that your Iron, Vitamin D and B12 and sometimes zinc levels are optimized can help to reduce hair fall.

What virus causes alopecia areata?

It is not known to be virally caused. It is immunologic in nature.

Which doctor should I see for hair loss?

Seeing a dermatologist will help to provide you with a diagnosis for your hair loss.

Which medicine is best for alopecia?

There is no best medicine, just different treatments suited for people depending on the type of hair loss.

Which medicine is best for hair growth?

There is no best medicine, just different treatments suited for people depending on the type of hair loss - some therapies block hormone activity and some block inflammation.

Why is my hair falling out by the handfuls?

This may be telogen effluvium; it can occur as a result of stress to the body such as post-pregnancy, or a bereavement or break-up response.

Will biotin help alopecia?

No; it does not help alopecia unfortunately. It sometimes helps nail growth.

Hair & Nails – Frequently Asked Questions

Can hair grow back after thinning?

Yes, it can grow back depending on the type of thinning.

Do hair skin and nail vitamins really work?

Yes, they can be helpful when taken in appropriate doses.

Does Biotin Shampoo help hair growth?

No, it is not proven to help grow hair.

Does collagen make hair thicker?

It can make skin thicker and appear smoother. It may help hair growth.

How long does it take biotin to work on hair?

Biotin is not a therapy used to treat hair loss.

How make my hair grow faster?

Sometimes stimulating the scalp with massage or using over-the-counter minoxidil can help to grow hair faster.

Is nail growth a sign of hair growth?

No, they are both made of keratin, but the growth rates are different.

What causes vertical ridges in nails?

This is a regular sign of maturity. It may be more apparent if one is getting regular manicures.

What deficiencies cause hairloss?

Iron is the most common, but other deficiencies like Vitamin D and B12 can contribute to hair loss.

What do hair and nails have in common?

They are both made of keratin protein and are known as appendages

What does biotin do for your hair?

It is a B vitamin; it does not grow hair.

What is the best vitamin for hair and nails?

Ensuring that B12 and Vitamin D are optimized helps to support hair.

Which is better for hair biotin or collagen?

Collagen may help support hair.

How can I improve my nail health?

Keeping nails hydrated helps to reduce brittleness and helps nail health. Avoid damage to the nails when doing household work like dishwashing

How can I know my hair type?

Ones hair type can be assessed by looking at the straightness or curliness of the hair strand helps categorize hair type.

How do I fix weak nails?

Avoid damage to the nails when doing household work like dishwashing, avoid immersion in water as this will soften and weaken nails.

How fast do nails grow?

The fingernails grow out every 6 - 9 months; toenails grow out over 12 - 18 months.

Should you cut or file your nails?

Both are acceptable forms of grooming the nails. Cutting removes nail edges faster than filing.

What are the functions of your nails?

Nails are protective of the underlying finger and nail bed in their function, they also provide proprioception (sense of touch).

What are the side effects of taking hair skin and nails vitamins?

They can distort thyroid tests and mask a heart test known as troponin level.

What can I use to moisturize my nails?

Light oils like almond oil can help moisturize nails.

What foods stimulate hair growth?

It is unknown if foods stimulate hair growth but a balanced diet rich in iron and vitamin D may help.

What helps female thinning hair?

Female thinning hair may be helped by minoxidil/ Rogaine; pills - spironolactone, finasteride, dutasteride; PRP - platelet rich plasma

What is hair and nails?

Hair is a dead protein that comes out of the scalp. Nails are the ends of fingers that cover and protect the fingers.

What is the best hair skin and nail vitamin?

There is no known best hair and skin and nail vitamin

What vitamin helps with nail ridges?

No, this is not known to be helped by vitamins.

What vitamins are good for your hair?

Ensuring that B12 and Vitamin D are optimized helps to control some types of hair loss.

What vitamin deficiency causes lines in nails?

Sometimes iron deficiency can cause a spoon-shaped change in nails.

What vitamins help nails and hair?

Ensuring that B12 and Vitamin D are optimized helps to control some types of hair loss.

Can hair grow back after thinning?

Yes, it can grow back depending on the type of thinning.

Do hair skin and nail vitamins really work?

Yes, they can be helpful when taken in appropriate doses.

Does Biotin Shampoo help hair growth?

No, it is not proven to help grow hair.

Does collagen make hair thicker?

It can make skin thicker and appear smoother. It may help hair growth.

How can I improve my nail health?

Keeping nails hydrated helps to reduce brittleness and helps nail health. Avoid damage to the nails when doing household work like dishwashing

How can I know my hair type?

Ones hair type can be assessed by looking at the straightness or curliness of the hair strand helps categorize hair type.

How do I fix weak nails?

Avoid damage to the nails when doing household work like dishwashing, avoid immersion in water as this will soften and weaken nails.

How fast do nails grow?

The fingernails grow out every 6 - 9 months; toenails grow out over 12 - 18 months.

How long does it take biotin to work on hair?

Biotin is not a therapy used to treat hair loss.

How make my hair grow faster?

Sometimes stimulating the scalp with massage or using over-the-counter minoxidil can help to grow hair faster.

Is nail growth a sign of hair growth?

No, they are both made of keratin, but the growth rates are different.

Should you cut or file your nails?

Both are acceptable forms of grooming the nails. Cutting removes nail edges faster than filing.

What are the functions of your nails?

Nails are protective of the underlying finger and nail bed in their function, they also provide proprioception (sense of touch).

What are the side effects of taking hair skin and nails vitamins?

They can distort thyroid tests and mask a heart test known as troponin level.

What can I use to moisturize my nails?

Light oils like almond oil can help moisturize nails.

What causes vertical ridges in nails?

This is a regular sign of maturity. It may be more apparent if one is getting regular manicures.

What deficiencies cause hairloss?

Iron is the most common, but other deficiencies like Vitamin D and B12 can contribute to hair loss.

What do hair and nails have in common?

They are both made of keratin protein and are known as appendages

What does biotin do for your hair?

It is a B vitamin; it does not grow hair.

What foods stimulate hair growth?

It is unknown if foods stimulate hair growth but a balanced diet rich in iron and vitamin D may help.

What helps female thinning hair?

Female thinning hair may be helped by minoxidil/ Rogaine; pills - spironolactone, finasteride, dutasteride; PRP - platelet rich plasma

What is hair and nails?

Hair is a dead protein that comes out of the scalp. Nails are the ends of fingers that cover and protect the fingers.

What is the best hair skin and nail vitamin?

There is no known best hair and skin and nail vitamin

What is the best vitamin for hair and nails?

Ensuring that B12 and Vitamin D are optimized helps to support hair.

What vitamin deficiency causes lines in nails?

Sometimes iron deficiency can cause a spoon-shaped change in nails.

What vitamin helps with nail ridges?

No, this is not known to be helped by vitamins.

What vitamins are good for your hair?

Ensuring that B12 and Vitamin D are optimized helps to control some types of hair loss.

What vitamins help nails and hair?

Ensuring that B12 and Vitamin D are optimized helps to control some types of hair loss.

Which is better for hair biotin or collagen?

Collagen may help support hair.

Hyperhidrosis – Frequently Asked Questions

At what age does hyperhidrosis stop?

It is not know to stop at a specific age.

Can Benadryl help excessive sweating?

This is not a known treatment to help stop excessive sweating.

Can drinking water stop excessive sweating?

This is not a known treatment to help stop excessive sweating.

Can hyperhidrosis be cured naturally?

Aluminum chloride can help, these are natural minerals.

Does hyperhidrosis get worse with age?

No, it generally does not.

Does hyperhidrosis last forever?

It can recur or be enduring.

How common is hyperhidrosis?

It is thought to effect as much as 10% of the population.

How do doctors test for hyperhidrosis?

Doctors take a history of the events and may also examine the site affected.

Is there a pill for hyperhidrosis?

Yes, some pills help to reduce it such as oxybutinin or glycopyrrolate.

What can a dermatologist do for excessive sweating?

Dermatologists can prescribe treatment or do procedures to treat excessive sweating.

What causes excessive sweating and thirst?

Excessive sweating may be due to extra activity of a neurotransmitter, and extra activity of eccrine and apocrine glands.

What causes excessive sweating of the head and face?

Excessive sweating may be due to extra activity of a neurotransmitter, and extra activity of eccrine and apocrine glands.

What triggers hyperhidrosis?

Excessive sweating may be due to extra activity of a neurotransmitter, and extra activity of eccrine and apocrine glands. It may be triggered by emotional stress.

When should I see a doctor about excessive sweating?

If it bothers you socially or is ruining clothing or affecting your daily function, you may want to see a doctor about it.

Which vitamin deficiency causes excessive sweating?

It is not known to be due to a vitamin deficiency.

Who treats hyperhidrosis?

Dermatologists treat hyperhidrosis.

Why do I sweat so much on my face?

Excessive sweating may be due to extra activity of a neurotransmitter, and extra activity of eccrine and apocrine glands.

Why do my hands and feet sweat excessively?

Excessive sweating may be due to extra activity at the eccrine glands. It may be triggered by emotional stress.

Why do I sweat so much on my back?

Excessive sweating may be due to extra activity of a neurotransmitter, and extra activity of eccrine glands in this area.

Why do I sweat more than everyone else?

You may have hyperhidrosis where your sweat glands are overactive.

Why cant I stop sweating?

You may have hyperhidrosis where your sweat glands are overactive. Therapy is used to help control the sweating..

Why am I hot and sweaty all the time?

You may have hyperhidrosis where your sweat glands are overactive.

What is excessive sweating a sign of?

It is a sign of extra eccrine gland activity when it occurs on the palms and soles.

What do doctors prescribe for sweating?

Doctors may prescribe some pills help to reduce it such as oxybutinin or glycopyrrolate.

Can low b12 cause excessive sweating?

No, it is not known to cause excessive sweating.

Can low vitamin D cause sweating?

No, it is not known to cause excessive sweating.

Can obesity cause hyperhidrosis?

It can contribute to sweating but does not cause the overactivity of the eccrine or apocrine glands in and of itself.

Does dehydration cause hyperhidrosis?

No, it does not.

How do you diagnose hyperhidrosis?

It is diagnosed by taking a history of the events and may also examine the site affected.

How do you know if you have hyperhidrosis?

You may sweat through clothing easily/ with minimal activity.

How do you get rid of hyperhidrosis?

Dermatologists can prescribe treatment - pills - or do procedures - sympathectomy, iontophresis, botulinum therapy - to treat excessive sweating.

Is hyperhidrosis only under arm?

No, it can occur anywhere on the body, but often occurs in the armpits, palms, soles.

What causes sudden sweating for no reason?

It may be an emotional response / response to emotional stress.

What drugs cause excessive sweating?

Insulin and glyburide are drugs that can cause excessive sweating.

At what age does hyperhidrosis stop?

It is not know to stop at a specific age.

Can Benadryl help excessive sweating?

This is not a known treatment to help stop excessive sweating.

Can drinking water stop excessive sweating?

This is not a known treatment to help stop excessive sweating.

Can hyperhidrosis be cured naturally?

Aluminum chloride can help, these are natural minerals.

Can low b12 cause excessive sweating?

No, it is not known to cause excessive sweating.

Can obesity cause hyperhidrosis?

It can contribute to sweating but does not cause the overactivity of the eccrine or apocrine glands in and of itself.

Can low vitamin D cause sweating?

No, it is not known to cause excessive sweating.

Does dehydration cause hyperhidrosis?

No, it does not.

Does hyperhidrosis get worse with age?

No, it generally does not.

Does hyperhidrosis last forever?

It can recur or be enduring.

How common is hyperhidrosis?

It is thought to effect as much as 10% of the population.

How do doctors test for hyperhidrosis?

Doctors take a history of the events and may also examine the site affected.

How do you diagnose hyperhidrosis?

It is diagnosed by taking a history of the events and may also examine the site affected.

How do you get rid of hyperhidrosis?

Dermatologists can prescribe treatment - pills - or do procedures - sympathectomy, iontophresis, botulinum therapy - to treat excessive sweating.

How do you know if you have hyperhidrosis?

You may sweat through clothing easily/ with minimal activity.

Is hyperhidrosis only under arm?

No, it can occur anywhere on the body, but often occurs in the armpits, palms, soles.

Is there a pill for hyperhidrosis?

Yes, some pills help to reduce it such as oxybutinin or glycopyrrolate.

What can a dermatologist do for excessive sweating?

Dermatologists can prescribe treatment or do procedures to treat excessive sweating.

What causes excessive sweating and thirst?

Excessive sweating may be due to extra activity of a neurotransmitter, and extra activity of eccrine and apocrine glands.

What causes excessive sweating of the head and face?

Excessive sweating may be due to extra activity of a neurotransmitter, and extra activity of eccrine and apocrine glands.

What causes sudden sweating for no reason?

It may be an emotional response / response to emotional stress.

What do doctors prescribe for sweating?

Doctors may prescribe some pills help to reduce it such as oxybutinin or glycopyrrolate.

What drugs cause excessive sweating?

Insulin and glyburide are drugs that can cause excessive sweating.

What is excessive sweating a sign of?

It is a sign of extra eccrine gland activity when it occurs on the palms and soles.

What triggers hyperhidrosis?

Excessive sweating may be due to extra activity of a neurotransmitter, and extra activity of eccrine and apocrine glands. It may be triggered by emotional stress.

When should I see a doctor about excessive sweating?

If it bothers you socially or is ruining clothing or affecting your daily function, you may want to see a doctor about it.

Which vitamin deficiency causes excessive sweating?

It is not known to be due to a vitamin deficiency.

Who treats hyperhidrosis?

Dermatologists treat hyperhidrosis.

Why am I hot and sweaty all the time?

You may have hyperhidrosis where your sweat glands are overactive.

Why cant I stop sweating?

You may have hyperhidrosis where your sweat glands are overactive. Therapy is used to help control the sweating..

Why do I sweat more than everyone else?

You may have hyperhidrosis where your sweat glands are overactive.

Why do I sweat so much on my back?

Excessive sweating may be due to extra activity of a neurotransmitter, and extra activity of eccrine glands in this area.

Why do I sweat so much on my face?

Excessive sweating may be due to extra activity of a neurotransmitter, and extra activity of eccrine and apocrine glands.

Why do my hands and feet sweat excessively?

Excessive sweating may be due to extra activity at the eccrine glands. It may be triggered by emotional stress.

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